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Sunday, January 15, 2017

How to prevent hair loss?

Most of the people lose 50-100 strands of hair every day. When hair is washed, people can lose up to 250 strands of hair. When you lose more hair from the scalp or from other parts of the body, you will be having hair loss. Alopecia is the medical term for hair loss. The hair grows about half an inch per month. About 90 % of a person’s hair will be in the growth phase at any given time. Another 10 % will be in the dormant stage and after 2-3 months these dormant hairs falls out.
  • Family history. In most cases, hair loss is inherited, which means it's passed down from one or both of your parents. This is called male-pattern or female-pattern hair loss.
  • Stress, including physical stress from surgery, illness, or high fever.
  • Chemotherapy, which is powerful medicine that destroys cancer cells.
  • Damage to your hair from pulling it back too tightly, wearing tight braids or ponytails, or using curling irons or dyes.
  • Age. You grow less hair as you get older. Hair also gets thinner and tends to break more easily as you age.
  • Poor diet, especially not getting enough protein or iron.
  • Thyroid diseases, such as hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism.
  • Ringworm of the scalp, which is common in children. 
Most people normally shed 50 to 100 hairs a day. This usually doesn't cause noticeable thinning of scalp hair because new hair is growing in at the same time. Hair loss occurs when this cycle of hair growth and shedding is disrupted or when the hair follicle is destroyed and replaced with scar tissue.
The exact cause of hair loss may not be fully understood, but it's usually related to one or more of the following factors:
  • Family history (heredity)
  • Hormonal changes
  • Medical conditions
  • Medications

Family history (heredity)

The most common cause of hair loss is a hereditary condition called male-pattern baldness or female-pattern baldness. It usually occurs gradually and in predictable patterns — a receding hairline and bald spots in men and thinning hair in women.
Heredity also affects the age at which you begin to lose hair, the rate of hair loss and the extent of baldness. Pattern baldness is most common in men and can begin as early as puberty. This type of hair loss may involve both hair thinning and miniaturization (hair becomes soft, fine and short).

Hormonal changes and medical conditions

A variety of conditions can cause hair loss, including:
  • Hormonal changes. Hormonal changes and imbalances can cause temporary hair loss. This could be due to pregnancy, childbirth or the onset of menopause. Hormone levels are also affected by the thyroid gland, so thyroid problems may cause hair loss.

  • Patchy hair loss. This type of non scarring hair loss is called alopecia areata (al-o-PEE-she-uh ar-e-A-tuh). It occurs when the body's immune system attacks hair follicles — causing sudden hair loss that leaves smooth, roundish bald patches on the skin.

  • Scalp infections. Infections, such as ringworm, can invade the hair and skin of your scalp, leading to scaly patches and hair loss. Once infections are treated, hair generally grows back.

  • Other skin disorders. Diseases that cause scarring alopecia may result in permanent loss at the scarred areas. These conditions include lichen planus, some types of lupus and sarcoidosis.

  • Hair-pulling disorder. This condition, also called trichotillomania (trik-o-til-o-MAY-nee-uh), causes people to have an irresistible urge to pull out their hair, whether it's from the scalp, the eyebrows or other areas of the body.
Home remedies 

1. Coconut Milk

Coconut milk has rich properties of nourishing hair tissues. It will help in effectively reducing hair loss.

  • Scraps fresh coconut and grind the coconut scrapings in a blender.
  • Squeeze the paste to extract coconut milk.
  • Now apply this coconut milk extract generously on your hair and scalp and leave it on the hair for 15 to 20 minutes.
  • Massage your scalp with the coconut milk.
  • This will effectively help in preventing hair fall.
  • Apply coconut milk on the scalp once every week to prevent hair fall.
2. Neem Leaves Juice

One of the most sought after herbs in India is the neem leaves as it has loads of medicinal properties. It is also an effective herb to treat hair loss in men and women.

  •  Boil fresh neem leaves in water until the water reduces to half its quantity.
  •  Cool this water and then wash your hair and scalp with this water mixture.
  •  Repeat this process once or twice a week regularly to prevent hair loss.

3. Honey And Olive Oil

  •  Add two tablespoons of honey and two tablespoons of olive oil in a bowl.
  •  Mix it well and to this mixture add a tablespoon of fresh cinnamon powder and make it a smooth paste.
  •  Apply this mixture on the scalp and your hair and leave it there for 20 to 25 minutes.
  •  This will help in soothing your hair and is effective in growing new hair.
  •  Apply this mixture on your scalp regularly every week to see visible results.

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